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The 2019 Fullstack Web Development

The 2019 Fullstack Web Development

Becoming a fullstack web developer requires you to cover a lot of skills. For beginners it’s often not easy to find the right learning path and to gain quick result. At first sight it might be overwhelming to understand what you need to learn and how everything fits together at the end.

Foundation

The best way to begin your web development career with is to get very good at HTML & CSS which is the basis for everything else.

HTML & CSS

The Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is essential for every website you’re implementing. By using HTL you’re defining and structuring the content of a website by using a simple markup syntax.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a simple way for adding styling to your websites (e.g. adding fonts, colors, layout etc).

Having understand HTML you should definitely move on to CSS and make sure to understand the basics. HTML and CSS are two essentials every web developer needs to know. This was valid in 2018 and will also be valid in 2019

Programming Languages

JavaScript

JavaScript is the essential building block for adding dynamic features to your website. The JavaScript language is an implementation of the underlying ECMAScript specification. Learning JavaScript from the ground up is an essential milestone in starting your web development career. For many frameworks on the front-end (Angular, React, Vue.js) and on the back-end side (Node.js) the knowledge of JavaScript is a prerequisite.

 

TypeScript

With the rise of Angular TypeScript has gained a lot of traction too. If you’re planning to learn Angular you should definitely take a look at TypeScript first.

TypeScript is an addition to JavaScript and therefore is always used together with JavaScript to enable features like type checking.

TypeScript has an excellent tooling, especially if your work with code editors like Visual Studio Code. Here you’ll find functionalities automatic importing of modules.

 

Python

Python is one of the top programming languages requested by companies in 2018 / 2019. If you haven’t added Python to your programming skill set yet it’s now the perfect time to start learning.

With Python you’re able to cover a wide range of use cases. You can implement command line scripts, GUI application and web applications. Furthermore the Python programming language is currently fueling scientific computing.

If you’re learning Python for web development you should then take a look at Python web programming frameworks like Django or Flask.

Front-end Frameworks

Frameworks — both for front-end and back-end development — makes developing common functionality easier and faster. However before starting to use a framework you should always try to gain a profound understanding of the underlying technology stack (e.g. JavaScript). This will help you to learn a framework and understand the concept.

Fist, let’s take a look at the most important front-end frameworks in web development:

Angular

Angular is a framework for building client applications in HTML and JavaScript / TypeScript. The framework combines declarative templates, dependency injection, end to end tooling, and integrated best practices to solve development challenges.

In 2018 Angular has been one of the most popular frameworks for building single-page web applications. For Angular developers it was a very exciting year with new major framework updates (version 6 and version 7). Many new features have been added and Angular is gaining more and more traction.

React

React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces. React makes it painless to create interactive UIs. Design simple views for each state in your application, and React will efficiently update and render just the right components when your data changes. Declarative views make your code more predictable and easier to debug. The framework is fully component-based. You can build encapsulated components that manage their own state, then compose them to make complex UIs.Since component logic is written in JavaScript instead of templates, you can easily pass rich data through your app and keep state out of the DOM.

React 16 has been released in September 2017. Many more improvements have been added with version 16.3.0 (new lifecycle and context API), 16.4.0 (pointer events) and 16.6.0 (lazy, memo, etc) in 2018. Also version 2.0 of Create React App has been released and is now supporting Babel 7 and Sass out-of-the-box.

Vue.js

2018 has been a great year for Vue with an explosion in growth. Vue is extremely easy to learn and especially for smaller-sized projects a perfect choice. The learning curve is extremely steep and you can expect to quickly see great results.

Back-end Frameworks

There are many options you can choose from when selecting a back-end framework for your web project. However, in the following I’ll narrow it down to two options, one for the JS world (Node.js) and one for the Python world (Django).

As the name suggest, back-end frameworks are running on the back-end (on the server) and are generating HTML, JSON (etc.) for your website in a dynamic way depending on the URL your user visits.

 

Node.js

Node.js enables you to execute JavaScript code at the back-end and is extremely powerful especially if Node.js is used together with the Express middle-ware.

In order to start with Node.js you should first make sure that you have a sound knowledge of the JavaScript programming language. This will ensure that you can understand the core concepts of Node quickly.

Django

Django is completely written in Python. If you like the elegance of the Python programming language you’ll like the Django. Django is a powerful framework and serves you for a wide range of use cases. However, if you have gained a profound understanding of Python, Django is easy to learn and you’ll discover the pragmatic approach very quickly.

If you would like to use Python and the back-end side of your project you should not definitely take a look at Django and start learning it.

Misc

Git

Git is by far the most widely used version control system for any kind of source code.

If you are working as a developer today you will sooner or later get into contact with Git and GitHub. As a version control system Git is used by many companies already and most of the frameworks and extensions presented in that article are also hosted on GitHub.

Machine Learning

Machine learning is one of the top trending topics of 2018 for developers. In the coming years, there won’t be a single industry in the world untouched by Machine Learning. With frameworks like Tensorflow.js Machine Learning is now entering the field of web development as well.

Regardless of weather you’re a front-end, back-end or full-stack developer you should consider to add Machine Learning capabilities to you skill-set know to prepare for upcoming demands.

Conclusion

Web development skills are in very high demand right now and — if you have not started yet — it’s the perfect time to start learning web development right know.

Even if you’re already an experience web developer you should invest some time to keep up with latest technologies and frameworks.

 

Reference: https://medium.com/codingthesmartway-com-blog/the-2019-roadmap-to-fullstack-web-development-1bba67a54ae8

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